- In the first half of the nineteenth century, Belfast harbour was a swamp with an old channel winding through it.
- The Harbour Board commenced dredging to straighten up the channel. The dredged stuff formed East Twin Island, which was basically a line. An early map shows a lighthouse at either end (I'm guessing one light for going up the channel, one for going down)
- The west side of this line was then joined up to the city and the line was widened. This became a public park, renamed Queens Island.
- The shipbuilders gradually took over the park.
Friday, October 28, 2022
Thursday, October 27, 2022
Wednesday, October 19, 2022
Chaine Tower (apologies for the greyness of the photographs. It really was rubbish weather)
On the last day of the ALK tour, we had to be in Ballycastle for the boat to Rathlin Island for 10.30. I decided to forego the coach for my own car, as it would mean I'd be able to start home for Dublin much sooner afterwards and so, on a really, miserable, rainy 7.30 am I left beautiful East Belfast. It was way too early for what is a one hour drive but I was allowing for early morning Belfast traffic, visiting Chaine Tower and driving the Antrim coast road.
In the 1860s, the port and harbour was acquired by the eccentric James Chaine, the local Member of Parliament who lived at Ballycraigy House at Muckamore. Chaine, who used to race the local railway train in his horse and carriage and had a house full of clocks all showing different times also put a lot of money and energy into developing the harbour. It was mainly down to him that the ferry to and from Stranraer – a route still going strong – was first established.
JC died in 1885 and was buried in his yachting attire at a point especially selected by himself on Sandy Point. He was also buried in an upright position – again, at his own request – so he could watch the steamers coming in and out of the harbour.
Eight years later in 1896, letters of complaint regarding the inadequate marking of nearby Hunter’s Rock led to Irish Lights approaching the memorial committee to ask if, erm, they could turn the tower into a lighthouse. The memorial committee graciously agreed on three provisos: -
a) That the outside was not altered
b) That the causeway was maintained, and
c) That it was to be used solely as a lighthouse.
Irish Lights agreed and two lights were established on 1st July 1899, one of them half way up the tower to mark the Hunters Rock, which technically breached the first proviso but nobody seemed to mind. An extra assistant keeper was added to the workforce of the Maidens Lighthouse and a house rented for him in Larne. This keeper was specifically responsible for the Chaine Tower.
The tower is 28 meters high and a light shone through a window 22 meters up.
The light was made unwatched in 1905 and the extra keeper dispensed with. The Principal Keeper at Ferris Point across the harbour entrance was given the job of keeping an eye out to make sure it was working okay.
The light itself was converted from gas to electricity in September 1935, the second Irish lighthouse to go electric, after Donaghadee the previous year. It is known locally as the Pencil and flashes white and red, depending on the direction of the beam.
Ferris Point and Chaine c.2010
Sunday, October 16, 2022
The first lighthouse we visited was Donaghadee, about which I'd written before, most recently here. Pier end lighthouses are generally smallish - Ardglass, Wicklow, Rosslare - but, like Dunmore East, Donaghadee is very tall, 56 feet of limestone painted white, designed by the legendary John Rennie, who also had a hand in the Bell Rock, Howth and Holyhead lighthouses. It had the distinction of being the first Irish lighthouse converted to electric in 1934.